Publications

2017

“Reduction of the work function of gold by N-heterocyclic carbenes,” H.-K. Kim, A. Hyla, P. Winget, H. Li, C. Wyss, A. Jordan, F. A. Larraín, J. Sadighi, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, B. Kippelen, J.L. Bredas, S. Barlow, S.R. Marder, Chem Mater. 29, 3403-3411 (2017). Doi: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b04213

“Solution-based electrical doping of semiconducting polymer films over a controlled depth,” V. A. Kolesov, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, N. Aizawa, F. A. Larrain, W.-F. Chou, M. Wang, A. Perrota, S. Choi, S. Graham, G. C. Bazan, T.-Q. Nguyen, S. R. Marder and B. Kippelen, Nature Materials, 16, 474-480 (2017) Doi: 10.1038/nmat4818

“Top-gate organic field-effect transistors fabricated on paper with high operational stability,” C.-Y. Wang, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, W.-F. Chou, and B. Kippelen, Org. Electron. 41,340-344 (2017). Doi: 10.1016/j.orgel.2016.11.026

2016

Efficient colorful perovskite solar cells via the use of transparent conducting polymer electrodes,” Y. Jiang, B. Luo, F. Jiang, F. B. Jiang, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, T. Liu, J. Tong, F. Qin, W. Meng, Z. Li, T. Wang, B. Kippelen, and Y. Zhou, Nano Letters 16, 7829-7835 (2016). Doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b04019

Room temperature direct encapsulation of organic photovoltaics by plasma-based deposition techniques,” A. Perrotta, C. Fuentes-Hernandez3, T. M Khan, B. Kippelen, M. Creatore, and S. J. Graham, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 50, 024003 (2016). Doi: 10.1088/1361-6463/50/2/024003

“Organic field-effect transistors with a bilayer gate dielectric comprising an oxide nanolaminate grown by atomic layer deposition,” C.-Y. Wang, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, M. Yun, A. Singh, A. Dindar, S. Choi, S. Graham, B. Kippelen available online ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8, 29872-29876 (2016). Doi: 10.1021/acsami.6b10603

Experimental investigation of defect-assisted and continuous layer intrinsic water vapor permeation through ultrabarrier films” H. Kim, A.S. Kumar, C.Y. Wang, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, B. Kippelen, and S. Graham, Rev. Sci. Instruments 87, 033902 Mar. (2016). Doi: 10.1063/1.4942510

“Self-forming electrode modification in organic field-effect transistors,” S. Choi, , F. A. Larrain, C.-Y. Wang, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, W.-F. Chou, and B. Kippelen, submitted to J. Mater. Chem. C 4, 8297-8303 (2016). Doi: 10.1039/c6tc02028c

“Flexible all-plastic multijunction solar cells for powering electronic devices,” J. Tong, S. Xiong, Y. Zhou, L. Mao, X. Min, Z. Li, F. Jiang, W. Meng, F. Qin, T. Liu, R. Ge, B. Kippelen, and Y. Zhou, Materials Horizons 3, 452-459 (2016). Doi: 10.1039/c6mh00164e

“A study on reducing contact resistance in solution-processed organic field-effect transistors,” S. Choi, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, C.-Y. Wang, T. M. Khan, F. A. Larrain, Y. Zhang, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, and B. Kippelen, in press ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8, 24744-24752 (2016). Doi: 10.1021/acsami.6b0

Simultaneous cross-linking and p-doping of a polymeric semiconductor film by immersion into a phosphomolybdic acid solution for use in organic solar cells”, N. Aizawa, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, V. A. Kolesov, T. M. Khan, J. Kido, and B. Kippelen, Chem. Comm. 52, 5825-5827 Jan. (2016). Doi: 10.1039/c6cc01022a

 

2015

“Highly efficient organic light-emitting diodes from thermally activated delayed fluorescence using a sulfone-carbazole host material,” M. P. Gaj, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, Y. Zhang, S.R. Marder, and B. Kippelen, Org. Electron. 16, 109-112 Nov. (2015). Doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2014.10.049

“ITO-free large-area flexible organic solar cells with an embedded metal grid,” S. Choi, Y. Zhou, W. Haske, J.W. Shim, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, and B. Kippelen, Org. Electron. 17, 349-354 (2015). Doi: 10.1016/j.orgel.2014.12.029

“Organometallic dimers: application to work-function reduction of conducting oxides,” A.J. Giordano, F. Pulvirenti, T.M. Khan, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, K. Moudgil, J.H. Delcamp, B. Kippelen, S. Barlow, and S.R. Marder, ACS Appl. Mater. and Interfaces, 7, 4320-4326 Feb. (2015). Doi: 10.1021/am5087648

“Molecular engineering of electron transport, non-halogenated solution-processable bithiazole based polymeric semiconductors,” B. Fu, C.-Y. Wang, B. D. Rose, Y. Jiang, M. Chang, P.-H. Chu, Z. Yuan, B. Kippelen, J.-L. Bredas, D. M. Collard, and E. Reichmanis, Chem. Mater. 27, 2928-2937 Apr. (2015). Doi: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b00173

“Organic light-emitting diodes on shape memory polymer substrates for wearable electronics,” M. P. Gaj, A. Wei, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, Y. Zhang, W. Voit, S.R. Marder, and B. Kippelen, Org. Electron. 25, 152-156 Jun. (2015). Doi: 10.1016/j.orgel.2015.06.029

“Stable low-voltage operation top-gate organic field-effect transistors on cellulose nanocrystal substrates,” C.Y. Wang, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, J.C. Liu, A. Dindar, S. Choi, J.P. Youngblood, R.J. Moon, and B. Kippelen, ACS Appl. Mater. and Interfaces, (2015). Doi: 10.1021/am508723a

“Engineering the mechanical properties of ultrabarrier films grown by atomic layer deposition for the encapsulation of printed electronics,” A. Bulusu, A. Singh, C.-Y. Wang, A. Dindar, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, H. Kim, D. Cullen, B. Kippelen, and S. Graham, J. Appl. Phys. 118, 085501 (2015). Doi:10.1063/1.4928855

“Self-(un)rolling biopolymer microconstructs: rings, tubes, and helical tubes from the same sheet cuts,” C. Ye, S.V. Nikolov, R. Calabrese, A. Dindar, A. Alexeev, B. Kippelen, D.L. Kaplan, and V.V. Tsukruk, Angw. Chem. 54, 8490-8493 (2015). Doi: 10.1002/anie.201502485

“Bilayer structure with ultrahigh energy/power density using a hybrid sol-gel dielectric and charge-blocking monolayer,” Y. Kim, M. Kathaperumal, V.W. Chen, Y. Park, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, M.-J. Pan, B. Kippelen, J. W. Perry, Advanced Energy Materials 5, 1500767 (2015). Doi: 10.1002/aenm.201500767

 

2014

“Pyrrole[3,2-d:4,5-d’]bisthiazole-bridged bis(naphthalene diimide)s as electron transport materials,” Y.A. Getmanenko, S. Singh, B. Sandhu, C.-Y. Wang, T. Timofeeva, B. Kippelen, and S.R. Marder, J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 124-131 Feb. (2014). Doi:10.1039/c3tc31677g

“All-plastic solar cells with a high photovoltaic dynamic range,” Y. Zhou, T. M. Khan, J.W. Shim, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, and B. Kippelen, J. of Mater. Chem. A, 2, 3492-3497 Jan. (2014). Doi:10.1039/c3ta15073a

“Stable organic field-effect transistors for continuous and non-destructive chemical and biological sensing in aqueous environment,” M. Yun, A. Sharma, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, D.K. Hwang, A. Dindar, S. Singh, S. Choi, and B. Kippelen, Appl. Mater. and Interfaces 6, 1616-1622 Feb. (2014). Doi: 10.1021/am404460j

“Efficient recyclable solar cells on cellulose nanocrystal substrates with a PEDOT:PSS top electrode deposited by film-transfer lamination,” Y. Zhou, T. M. Khan, J.-C. Liu, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, J.W. Shim, E. Najafabadi, J.P. Youngblood, R. J. Moon, and B. Kippelen, Org. Electron. 15, 661-666 Jan. (2014). Doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2013.12.018

“Inverted organic solar cells with polymer-modified fluorine-doped tin oxide as the electron-collecting electrode,” Y. Zhou, J. Shim, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, T.M. Khan, and B. Kippelen, Thin Solid Films 554, 54-57 Feb. (2014). Doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2013.05.059

“Systematic reliability study of top-gate p- and n-channel organic field-effect transistors,” D.K. Hwang, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, M. Fenoll, M. Yun, J. Park, J.W. Shim, K.A. Knauer, A. Dindar, H. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Kim, H. Cheun, M. Payne, S. Graham, S. Im, J.E. Anthony, and B. Kippelen, Appl. Mater. and Interfaces 6, 3378-3386 Mar. (2014). Doi:10.1021/am405424k

Enhanced charge-carrier injection and collection via lamination of doped polymer layers p-doped with a solution-processible molybdenum complex,” A. Dai, Y. Zhou, A. L. Shu, S. K. Mohapatra, H. Wang, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, Y. Zhang, S. Barlow, Y.-L. Loo, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and A. Kahn, Adv. Funct. Mater. 24, 2197-2204 Jan. (2014). Doi:10.1002/adfm.201303232

“Defect-driven interfacial electronic structures at an organic/metal-oxide semiconductor heterojunction,” P. Winget, L.K. Schirra, D. Cornil, H. Li, V. Coropceanu, P.F. Ndione, A.K. Sigdel, D.S. Ginley, J.J. Berry, J. Shim, H. Kim, B. Kippelen, J.L. Bredas, and O.L.A. Monti, Adv. Mater. 26, 4711-4716 Jul. (2014). Doi:10.1002/adma.201305351

“Organic photovoltaic cells with stable top metal electrodes modified with polyethylenimide,” T.M. Khan, Y. Zhou, A. Dindar, J.W. Shim, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, and B. Kippelen, ACS Appl. Mater. and Interfaces, 6, 6202-6207 May (2014). Doi:10.1021/am501236z

“Tetracyano isoindigo small molecules and their use in n-channel organic field-effect transistors,” R.R. Dasari, A. Dindar, C. K. Lo, C.-Y. Wang, C. Quinton, S. Singh, S. Barlow, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, J.R. Reynolds, B. Kippelen, and S.R. Marder, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 16, 19345-19350 (2014). Doi:10.1039/c4cp02427c

“A vertically integrated solar-powered electrochromic window for energy efficient buildings,” A. L. Dyer, R.H. Bulloch, Y. Zhou, B. Kippelen, J. R. Reynolds, and F. Zhang, Adv. Mater. 16, 19345-19350 (2014). Doi:10.1002/adma.201401400

“Efficient organic light-emitting diodes fabricated on cellulose nanocrystal substrates,Najafabadi, Y. H. Zhou, K. A. Knauer, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, and B. Kippelen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 063305 Aug. (2014). Doi:10.1063/1.4891046

 Organic field-effect transistor circuits using atomic layer deposited gate dielectrics patterned by reverse stamping,” S. Choi, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, M. Yun, A. Dindar, T. M. Khan, C.-Y. Wang, and B. Kippelen, Org. Electron. 15, 3780-3786 Oct. (2014). Doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2014.10.022

Phosphorescent light-emitting diodes using triscarbazole/bis(oxadiazole) hosts: comparison of homopolymer blends and random and block copolymers,” X.Y. He, D.K. Cai, D.Y. Kang, W. Haske, Y.D. Zhang, C.A. Zuniga, B.H. Wunsch, S. Barlow, J. Leisen, D. Bucknall, B. Kippelen, and S.R. Marder, J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 6743-6751 Jun. (2014). Doi: 10.1039/c4tc01079e

“Inverted tandem polymer solar cells with polyethylenimine-modified MoOX/Al2O3:ZnO nanolaminate as charge recombination layers,” J. W. Shim, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, Y. Zhou, A. Dindar, T. M. Khan, A. J. Giordano, H. Cheun, M. Yun, S. R. Marder, and B. Kippelen, Adv. Ener. Mater. 4, 1400048 (2014). Doi:10.1002/aenm.201400048

 

2013

“Indium tin oxide modified by titanium dioxide nanoparticles dispersed in polyvinylpyrrolidone for use as an electron-collecting layer in organic solar cells with an inverted structure,” J. Shim, H. Cheun, A. Dindar, Y. Kim, Y. Zhou, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, D.K. Hwang, J.W. Perry, and B. Kippelen, J. of Materials Research 28, 535-540 Feb. (2013). Doi:10.1557/jmr.2012.278

“Crosslinking using rapid thermal processing for the fabrication of efficient solution-processed phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes,” C.A. Zuniga, J. Abdallah, W. Haske, Y. Zhang, I. Coropceanu, S. Barlow, B. Kippelen, and S.R. Marder, Adv. Mater. 25, 1739-1744 Feb. (2013). Doi:10.1002/adma.201204518

“Recyclable organic solar cells on cellulose nanocrystal substrates,” Y. Zhou, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, T. M. Khan, J.-C. Liu, J. Hsu, J.W. Shim, A. Dindar, J.P. Youngblood, R. Moon, and B. Kippelen, Scientific Reports 3, 1536-1541 Mar. (2013). Doi:10.1038/srep01536

“High-performance inverted top-emitting green electrophosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with a modified top Ag anode,” E. Najafabadi, K.A. Knauer, W. Haske, and B. Kippelen, Org. Electron. 14, 1271-1275 Mar. (2013). Doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2013.02.024

“Ultrafast nonlinear mirrors with broad spectral and angular bandwidths in the visible spectral range,” J. Hsu, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, A. R. Ernst, and B. Kippelen, Opt. Express 21, 3573-3581 Feb. (2013). Doi:10.1364/OE.21.003573

“Reduction of contact resistance by selective contact doping in fullerene n-channel organic field-effect transistors,” S. Singh, S. K. Mohapatra, A. Sharma, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, and Bernard Kippelen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 153303 Apr. (2013). Doi:10.1063/1.4802237

2-Bromo perylene diimide: synthesis using C-H activation and use in the synthesis of bis(perylene diimide)-donor electron-transport materials,” J.X. Zhang, S. Singh, D.K. Hwang, S. Barlow, B. Kippelen, and S.R. Marder, J. Mater. Chem. C, 33, 5093-5100 Jun. (2013). Doi:10.1039/c3tc30918e

Stacked inverted top-emitting green electrophosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes on glass and flexible glass substrates,” K. A. Knauer, E. Najafabadi, W. Haske, M.P. Gaj, K.C. Davis, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, U. Carrasco, and B. Kippelen, Org. Electron. 14, 2418-2423 (2013). Doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2013.06.004

Benzo 1,2-b:6,5-b ‘ dithiophene(dithiazole)-4,5-dione derivatives: synthesis, electronic properties, crystal packing and charge transport,” Y.A. Getmanenko, M. Forani, C. Risko, B. Sandhu, E. galan, L.Y. Zhu, P. Tongwa, D.K. Hwang, S. Singh, H. Wang, S.P. Tiwari, Y.L. Yoo, J.L. Bredas, B. Kippelen, T. Timofeeva, S.R. Marder, J. Mater. Chem. C, 1, 1467-1481 Jan. (2013). Doi:10.1039/C2TC00805J

Polymer solar cells with NiO hole-collecting interlayers processed by atomic layer deposition,” J.W. Shim, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, A. Dindar, Y. Zhou, T. M. Khan, and B. Kippelen, Organic Electronics 14, 2802-2808 Apr. (2013). Doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2013.07.028

“Stacked inverted top-emitting white organic light-emitting diodes composed of orange and blue light-emitting units, by E. Najafabadi, K. A. Knauer, W. Haske, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, and B. Kippelen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 193303 Nov. (2013). Doi:10.1063/1.4829135

 

2012

Performance comparison of pentacene organic field-effect transistors with SiO2 modified with octyltrichlorosilane or octadecyltrichlorosilane,” S.P. Tiwari, K.A. Knauer, A. Dindar, and B. Kippelen, Org. Electron. 13, 18-22 Jan. (2012). Doi: 10.1016/j.orgel.2011.09.017

“Solvent and polymer matrix effects on TIPS-pentacene/polymer blend organic field-effect transistors,” D.K. Hwang, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, J.D. Berrigan, Y. Fang, J. Kim, W.J. Potscavage Jr., K.H. Sandhage, and B. Kippelen, J. of Mater. Chem. 22, 5531-5537 Feb. (2012). Doi:10.1039/C2JM16487F

“Polynorbornenes with pendant perylene diimides for organic electronic applications,” C. Huang, W.J. Potscavage Jr., S.P. Tiwari, S. Sutcu, S. Barlow, B. Kippelen, and S.R. Marder, Polymer Science 3, 2996-3006 Aug. (2012). Doi:10.1039/c2py20401k

“Direct correlation between work function of indium-tin-oxide electrodes and solar cell performance influenced by ultraviolet irradiation and air exposure,” Y. Zhou, J. Shim, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, A. Sharma, K.A. Knauer, A J. Giordano, S. R. Marder, and B. Kippelen, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 12014-12021 Jul. (2012). Doi:10.1039/c2cp42448g

“Stannyl derivatives of naphthalene diimides and their use in oligomer synthesis,” L.E. Polander, A. Romanov, S. Barlow, D.K. Hwang, B. Kippelen, T. Timofeeva, and S.R. Marder, Organic Letters 14, 918-921 Feb. (2012). Doi:10.1021/ol203432x

“Synthesis and characterization of naphthalene diimide/diethynylbenzene copolymers,” T. Sajoto, S.P. Tiwari, H. Li, C. Risko, S. Barlow, Q. Zhang, J.-Y. Cho, J.L. Bredas, B. Kippelen, and S.R. Marder, Polymer 53, 1072-1078 Feb. (2012). Doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2012.01.016

The modification of indium tin oxide with phosphonic acids: mechanism of binding, tuning of surface properties, and potential for use in organic electronic applications,” S.R. Marder, P. Hotchkiss, S. Jones, S. Paniagua, B. Kippelen, N.R. Armstrong, and A. Sharma, Acc. Chem. Res. 45, 337-346 Mar. (2012). Doi:10.1021/ar200119g

“Top-gate hybrid complementary inverters using pentacene and amorphous InGaZnO channel thin-film transistors with high operational stability,” J. Kim, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, D.K.Hwang, W. J. Potscavage Jr., and B. Kippelen, AIP Advances 2, 012134 Mar. (2012). Doi:10.1063/1.3684635

Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag/Au bilayer thin films,” J. Hsu, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, A.R. Ernst, J.M. Hales, J.W. Perry, and B. Kippelen, Opt. Express 20, 8629-8640 Apr. (2012). Doi:10.1364/OE.20.008629

Oriented growth of Al2O3:ZnO nanolaminates for use as electron-selective electrodes in inverted polymer solar cells,” H. Cheun, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, Y. Zhou, Y. Fang, Y. Cai, H. Li, A. Sigdel, J. Meyer, J. Maibach, A. Dindar, J. Shim, J. Berry, J.-L. Bredas, A. Kahn, K.H. Sandhage, and B. Kippelen, Adv. Funct. Mater. 22, 1531-1538, Apr. (2012). Doi:10.1002/adfm.201102968

“A universal method to produce low-work function electrodes for organic electronics,” Y. Zhou, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, J. Shim, J. Meyer, A. J. Giordano, H. Li, P. Winget, T. Papadopoulos, H. Cheun, J. Kim, M. Fenoll, A. Dindar, W. Haske, E. Najafabadi, H. Sojoudi, S. Barlow, S. Graham, J.L. Bredas, S.R. Marder, A. Kahn, and B. Kippelen, Science 336, 327-332 Apr. (2012). Doi:10.1126/science.1218829

“A correlation study between barrier film performance and shelf lifetime of encapsulated organic solar cells,” N. Kim, W. J. Potscavage Jr, A. Sundaramoothi, C. Henderson, B. Kippelen, and S. Graham, Sol. Mat. & Sol. Cells 101, 140-146 Jun. (2012). Doi:10.1016/j.solmat.2012.02.002

“Complementary-like inverters based on an ambipolar solution-processed molecular bis(naphthalene diimide)-dithienopyrrole derivative,” S. P. Tiwari, J.B. Kim, K. A. Knauer, D.K. Hwang, L. E. Polander, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, and B. Kippelen, Org. Electron. 13, 1166-1170 Jul. (2012). Doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2012.03.029

Highly efficient inverted top-emitting green phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes on glass and flexible substrates,” E. Najafabadi, K. A. Knauer, W. Haske, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, and B. Kippelen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 023304 Jul. (2012). Doi:10.1063/1.4736573

“Polyvinylpyrrolidone-modified indium tin oxide as an electron-collecting electrode for inverted polymer solar cells,” J. Shim, H. Cheun, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, A. Dindar, Y.H. Zhou, D.K. Hwang, A. Kahn, and B. Kippelen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 073303 Aug. (2012). Doi:10.1063/1.4745772

“Zinc oxide as a model transparent conducting oxide: a theoretical and experimental study of the impact of hydroxylation, vacancies, and interstitial defects on the electronic properties of the polar ZnO (0002) surface,” H. Li, L.K. Shirra, J. Shim, H. Cheun, B. Kippelen, O.A. Monti, and J.L. Bredas, Chem. Mater. 24, 3044-3055 Aug. (2012). Doi:10.1021/cm301596x

Stable solution-processed molecular n-channel organic field-effect transistors,” D. K. Hwang, R. R. Dasari, M. Fenoll, V. Alain-Rizzo, A. Dindar, J. Shim, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, S. Barlow, P. Audebert, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, Adv. Mater. 24, 4445-4450 Aug. (2012). Doi:10.1002/adma.201201689

“High performance polymeric charge recombination layer for organic tandem solar cells,”Y. Zhou, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, J. Shim, T. A. Khan, and B. Kippelen, Energy and Environmental Science, 5, 9827-9832 Oct. (2012). Doi:10.1039/c2ee23294d

“Passivation of trap states in unpurified and purified C60 and the influence on organic field-effect transistors,” S. Olthof, S. Singh, S.K. Mohapatra, S. Barlow, S.R. Marder, B. Kippelen, and A. Kahn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 253303 Dec. (2012). Doi: 10.1063/1.4772551

“Easily reducible materials from the reactions of diselenophenol[3,2-b:2’,3’-d]pyrrole and dithieno[3,2-b:2’,3’-d]pyrrole with tetracyanoethylene,” Y.A. Getmanenko, T.A. Purcell, D.-K. Hwang, B. Kippelen, and S.R. Marder, The Journal of Organic Chemistry 77, 10931-10937 Oct. (2012). Doi:10.1021/jo3020006

“Studies of optimization of recombination layers for inverted tandem polymer solar cells,” by J. W. Shim, Y. Zhou, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, A. Dindar, Z. Guan, H. Cheun, A. Kahn and B. Kippelen, Sol. Ener. Mat. & Sol. Cells 107, 51-55 Aug. (2012). Doi:10.1016/j.solmat.2012.08.004